INTERNATIONAL SALES AGREEMENTS
The international procurement and sale of goods is clothed in the most diverse forms. Successive supply contracts and framework agreements expect significantly more in terms of regulations than supply contracts for individual cases. Moreover, these contracts are often integrated into supply chains and therefore need to be carefully coordinated with the preceding and subsequent supply stages to avoid frictions. Even if the parties are in agreement - ultimately the buyer and seller pursue opposite interests.
Piltz Legal offers you many years of experience and comprehensive expertise for the conception and structuring of your international supply relationships and is competently represented in practice as well as in academia in the UN Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods/CISG and the Incoterms prevailing in international sales contracts.
The UN Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods (CISG) and the Incoterms open up much more scope than national German law, which is often not exploited. Moreover, it offers itself as a neutral bridge.
The exclusion of the UN Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods/CISG, which 94 legislators around the world have envisaged as the rule, can only be justified after a comprehensive weighing of the pros and cons. For the international buyer and the international seller of consumer goods, the national German law is significantly more disadvantageous.
Prof. Dr Piltz has been publishing on international sales law for 30 years and is a member of the Drafting Group set up by the ICC Paris on Incoterms 2020.
- Purchase or sales contracts for individual cases
- Successive delivery contracts
- Framework supply agreements
- Enforcement of claims arising from contracts
- Purchase GTC
- Sales GTC
- Options for securing payment
Your Piltz Legal contacts
German Federal IT security authority publishes guidelines for AI developers
The German Federal Office for Information Security (BSI) is already providing support with a whole series of statements on the subject of artificial intelligence (partly even in English).
It is therefore all the more gratifying that the BSI has in the meantime also addressed the question of how developers can practically protect machine learning systems from the most relevant threats and take adequate protective measures in a guideline.
The BSI distinguishes between three central threats in its guideline: Evasion attacks, attacks that aim to extract information, and backdoor attacks. These attacks will be briefly presented and illustrated in the following.
Whistleblower protection and the right of access on a collision course – challenges in the parallel application of whistleblower protection and Art. 15 GDPR
The enactment and applicability of the German implementation law (“German Whistleblower Protection Act”) for the Whistleblowing Directive (Directive (EU) 2019/1937) is in sight even though the law was not passed yet because the “Bundesrat” did not agree to the text adopted by the “Bundestag”. It might still take some time until the two parliaments agree on a final text. However, there is time pressure due to Germany already falling far behind the deadline for the implementation of the European Directive. This also means that the legal obligation to set up an internal reporting channel is getting closer for very many German companies (all with generally at least 250 employees).
NIS-2 Directive: New provisions to strengthen cyber resilience and security
The Directive on measures for a high common level of cybersecurity across the Union ("NIS-2 Directive") published in the Official Journal of the European Union on December 27, 2022, aims to harmonize cybersecurity requirements in the EU and imposes new cybersecurity obligations on companies. It will replace the previously applicable NIS Directive.